- PrintArticle Summary
- Withdrawal Symptoms
- Withdrawing From Clonazepam: Treatment Methods and Options for Help
- Detoxing, Addiction Treatment, Rehab, and Recovery
- Questions and Answers (FAQ)
Clonazepam (Klonopin) is a benzodiazepine drug prescribed to manage panic attacks and seizure disorders.1,2 When taken as directed, clonazepam is generally safe. However, regular use is associated with tolerance and physical dependence. Chronic abuse can speed the onset of these phenomena and can lay the foundation for addiction, or what is known as a sedative use disorder.1,3Tolerance is a normal physiological reaction to continued use of clonazepam or other drugs. Over time, the body adapts to the presence of clonazepam and will require higher doses or more frequent doses to produce the desired effects.4 With frequent use and higher doses, the body begins to function normally only when clonazepam is present, which is known as physical dependence.3,4 At this point, when the person reduces their clonazepam use or stops completely, withdrawal symptoms will appear.3,4
During withdrawal from clonazepam, a person may experience symptoms ranging from mild to severe, which can last up to 2 weeks.1,5,10 The greatest immediate health risk associated with clonazepam withdrawal is the possibility of seizures.1,6 For these reasons, clonazepam withdrawal should always be managed by medical professionals to increase patient comfort and reduce potential danger.7If you need help for clonazepam abuse, please complete the short form on the right side of the page or call 1-888-935-1318. This secure hotline provides confidential support from our addiction treatment specialists.
Clonazepam Withdrawal Symptoms
Get more information about clonazepam withdrawal symptoms, including the timeline of effects and potential health problems.
Clonazepam withdrawal symptoms usually begin within a day or two following the last dose. The symptoms will vary based on the individual, the dose of the medication, and how long the person has taken the medication. When symptoms begin, the individual may experience:1,5,6
- Muscle tension and pain.
- Low mood.
- Poor memory and concentration.
These symptoms may resolve quickly, but can continue for up to 2 weeks after last use.10
Withdrawing From Clonazepam: Treatment Methods and Options for Help
Clonazepam withdrawal symptoms can be reduced by tapering.
Clonazepam withdrawal symptoms can be reduced or prevented with a gradual reduction of the dose.5,6 This process is called tapering or weaning. Often, a person will first be switched from clonazepam to another long-acting benzodiazepine, such as diazepam, or a long-acting barbiturate, such as phenobarbital.5,6
In either case, the treatment providers will determine a dose of the long-acting medication that is equivalent to the amount of clonazepam the person used and establish stability at that dose.5,6 From there, the provider will gradually reduce the dose and frequency of the medication. This process can take days, weeks, or months depending on the person’s needs and the withdrawal symptoms the person experiences when the dose is lowered.5,6
For some, completing the withdrawal process at an inpatient clinic may be more comfortable than withdrawing at home, because physicians can help people manage symptoms as they emerge. Detoxing in a clinic also prevents access to clonazepam and minimizes relapse.
On the other hand, people that require a long taper may not be able to remain away from home for that length of time, which makes outpatient more appealing. The recommended course of action will depend on the person's level of dependence, whether the person has a history of withdrawal complications, the existence of other physical or mental health conditions, abuse of other drugs or alcohol, and their level of support.
A member of our support team can privately discuss treatment options.
Detoxing, Addiction Treatment, Rehab, and Recovery
Detoxification is an important part of recovery, but it alone is rarely enough to maintain a drug-free life.8 Fortunately, there are many treatment options to consider following detoxification.8,9
- Therapeutic communities. Long-term treatment with structured, intense programs.
- Shorter-term residential. Transitions people from detox to other forms of ongoing treatment and lasts for several weeks.
- Recovery housing. Supervised housing that helps people gain their independence after rehab.
- Outpatient options. Outpatient treatment is flexible and offers a range of programs that can include 30 hours of treatment per week down to one hour per month.
- 12-step and other support programs. While receiving professional treatment from counselors and physicians, people in recovery should also consider meeting with support groups such as SMART Recovery or Narcotics Anonymous. For many people in recovery, these types of groups eventually become primary sources of ongoing support.
Regardless of the treatment setting, the professional will conduct individual or group counseling sessions that use several forms of therapy, including:8
- Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) to help people recognize, avoid, and cope with problematic situations.
- Family therapy to improve the entire family unit.
- Motivational interviewing (MI) to build internal drive and motivation to remain drug-free.
- Contingency management (CM) to provide tangible rewards as positive reinforcement for continued abstinence.
These treatment styles can provide introductions to different stress management techniques as well as help to address any underlying mental health conditions. Rehabilitation, whether it is provided through inpatient or outpatient facilities, can also assist people with social or interpersonal issues, housing and career options, relapse prevention, family difficulties, and legal issues.
If you or a loved one needs help for clonazepam withdrawal or addiction, please call 1-888-935-1318.
|Clonazepam Information at a Glance|
|Medication Name, Costs||Class of Medicine|
|Generic Name: Clonazepam
Brand Name: Klonopin
Cost/Price: $0.07-$2.85 1
|Type of Drug: central nervous system (CNS) depressant/benzodiazepine
Function or Use at Low or High Dose: treat seizures and panic disorder 2
|Form, Intake, and Dose||Interactions and Complications|
|Drug Forms: Tablet 2
Administration Routes: Oral 2
Dose: 1.5 mg/day to 20 mg/day for seizure disorders, 0.25 mg/day to 4mg/day for panic disorder 2
|Alcohol Interaction: can increase sleepiness and dizziness and intensify respiratory depressive effects 2
Prescription Medications: added depressive effects (sleepiness, dizziness) when taken with other CNS depressants 2
Contraindications: patients with a history of sensitivity to benzodiazepines, liver disease, and/or glaucoma 2
|Effects and Adverse Reactions||Substance Abuse|
|Short-Term: ataxia, drowsiness, abnormal eye movements, dizziness, memory loss, fatigue, headache, palpitations, nausea, muscle weakness 2
Overdose Symptoms: sleepiness, drowsiness, confusion, coma, diminished reflexes, slowed breathing 2
|Risk of Substance Abuse: Yes 2
Signs of Abuse: secretive behavior, obsession to use clonazepam
|Physiological Problem Signs and Symptoms||Dependence and Addiction Issues|
|Withdrawal Syndrome Onset: 1-4 days 3
Withdrawal Symptoms: anxiety, sleep problems, weight loss, seizures, and psychotic reactions 3
|Physical Dependence: Yes 2
Psychological Dependence: Yes 2
|Legal Schedules and Ratings|
|Controlled Substances Act Rating: Schedule IV 2|
Questions and Answers (FAQ)
How Long Does Clonazepam Withdrawal Last?
The timeline for each person is different, depending on the length of use and other factors. Most people experience symptoms 24 to 48 hours after their last dose that can last up to 2-4 weeks, though they can last longer.5
Do You Have a List of Popular Slang or Street Names for Clonazepam?
Benzos, downers, kpin, nerve pills, tranks
What Are Common Misspellings?
Clonazapam withdrawl, Klonazepam withdrawls, Clonazepem withdrawel, Klonazapam withdrawels
Are There Any Home Remedies for Getting Clean Safely?
Clonazepam withdrawal may have life-threatening effects, such as seizures. It is best to forego any “natural” or alternative methods in favor of immediate professional help. This is the only way to receive the proper assessment, observation, and treatment needed to avoid the many uncomfortable and potentially dangerous symptoms that can emerge during withdrawal.
How Long Does It Take to Detox From Clonazepam?
Clonazepam can trigger withdrawal effects that last for more than 4 weeks in some situations.5 To research your options for recovery programs, call 1-888-935-1318.
. Drug Enforcement Administration. (2013). Benzodiazepines.
. U.S. National Library of Medicine: MedlinePlus. (2016). Clonazepam.
. National Institute on Drug Abuse for Teens. (2016). Prescription Depressants.
. Medscape. (2016). Withdrawal Syndromes.
. World Health Organization. (2009). Clinical Guidelines for Withdrawal Management and Treatment of Drug Dependence in Closed Setting.
. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. (2015). Detoxification and Substance Abuse Treatment.
. National Institute on Drug Abuse. (2016). Misuse of Prescription Drugs.
. National Institute on Drug Abuse. (2016). Drug Facts: Treatment Approaches for Drug Addiction.
. National Institute on Drug Abuse. (2014). Principles of Adolescent Substance Use Disorder Treatment: A Research-Based Guide.
. Petursson, H. (1994). The benzodiazepine withdrawal syndrome. Addiction, 89(11), 1455-1459.
Clonazepam Information at a Glance Sources
. DrugBank. (n.d.). Clonazepam.
. Food and Drug Administration. (2013). Klonopin Tablets.
. Petursson, H. (1994). The benzodiazepine withdrawal syndrome. Addiction, 89(11), 1455-1459.