Arkansas Drug Withdrawal and Addiction Detox Programs
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Post acute withdrawal syndrome can extend these difficulties well past the typical withdrawal period. For these reasons, quitting alone is rarely the best option.
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Treatment Options Located In Arkansas
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Alcohol is a highly addictive sedative, and both overdose and withdrawal symptoms can be potentially lethal.
Tobacco and Nicotine
Detoxing from smoking is considerably harder than many suspect, with nicotine being a cancer-causing stimulant as addictive as heroin. Lethal overdose is rare but possible, and nicotine poisoning is becoming more common due to the growing popularity of vaping.
Opioids act on opioid receptors in the brain to induce euphoria. Opioid addiction can be very dangerous because it is possible to die by overdose as well as from withdrawal symptoms.
Opioids include drugs such as heroin, morphine, laudanum, and hydrocodone (commonly known as Vicodin, along with Norco and others). Methadone is an opioid that is sometimes given during detox to help ease withdrawal symptoms but may also be abused.
Drugs used to treat opioid addiction and withdrawal include partial opioid agonists like buprenorphine (suboxone, Subutex), which partially activate opioid receptors. Opioid antagonists, which block the opioid receptors, are also used and include naltrexone (Vivitrol).
Sedatives and Benzodiazepines
Sedatives are a class of drugs that act slow brain activity, usually through interactions with a neurotransmitter called GABA and include benzodiazepines. Legal sedatives can be addictive even when used as prescribed. Since sedatives act by slowing brain activity, overdose or withdrawal can lead to severe brain injury or death.
Sedatives besides alcohol include alprazolam (Xanax), zolpidem (Ambien and Stilnox), lorazepam, Librium, barbiturates (more about symptoms here), butalbital, diazepam (valium), GHB, clonidine, chlordiazepoxide, and clonazepam.
Medications used for symptoms associated with benzodiazepines and their withdrawals include SSRIs, anticonvulsants, beta-blockers, clonidine, and anti-nausea meds.
Hallucinogen is a broad classification for a range of drugs that alter perception.
Marijuana and Cannabinoids
Cannabinoids like marijuana (including hash oil) and synthetic cannabinoids (spice) alter perception and mood by interacting with the cannabinoid receptors in the brain. Cannabinoid use can be psychologically addictive and may trigger or exacerbate mental illness.
Psychedelics and Dissociatives
Psychedelics like LSD, DMT, and psilocybin (found in “magic mushrooms”) work by acting on serotonin receptors to induce a waking dreamlike state of perception. Psychedelics can severely impact mental health and perception, may trigger or exacerbate schizophrenia, and can be psychologically addictive. DMT has also been known to trigger respiratory arrest and coma.
Dissociatives cause the user to feel disconnected from their body, feel little or no pain, experience amnesia, and may lead them into a trance. They typically work by blocking the NMDA receptor and include PCP, DXM, ketamine, and nitrous oxide.
Dissociatives can cause seizure or lethal overdose and can produce severe withdrawal symptoms. People abusing dissociatives may also unintentionally kill themselves do to the psychological effects of the drug.
Stimulants increase central nervous system activity and include meth, methylphenidate (Ritalin), Focalin (Dexmethylphenidate), amphetamines, and cocaine. Stimulants are extremely addictive, with potentially lethal overdoses and difficult withdrawals.
The only thing all inhalants have in common is that they produce chemical vapors which have mind-altering effects if inhaled. The lethality and withdrawal symptoms of inhalants are extremely diverse, with some potentially lethal on first use. Since they are typically made from makeshift household products or cleaners they are often too easily accessible, which can make quitting difficult.