Adderall and Withdrawal
Adderall is the trade name for a prescription pharmaceutical combination of amphetamine and dextroamphetamine. It can help alleviate or control symptoms of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) when it is used under the guidance of a medical professional. 1 Adderall carries a risk of addiction and should be taken exactly as prescribed. The Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) has classified Adderall as a Schedule II controlled substance, which means it has a high potential for abuse and dependence. 2
Adderall Withdrawal Symptoms
The symptoms of Adderall withdrawal can be intensely unpleasant and discouraging to those who wish to break the cycle of dependence. Some of these symptoms include the following: fatigue, insomnia, nightmares, an increase in appetite, slowed movements, and cravings.4 The process of detoxification can become easier, however, with the right supervision and an understanding environment. By working with addiction specialists and medical professionals, you can receive the support you need to overcome Adderall withdrawal symptoms. You can read more about Adderall withdrawal symptoms here.
Adderall Withdrawal Options for Help
One of the most difficult parts of withdrawing from Adderall can be going through the process alone. Seeking Adderall withdrawal treatment helps people deal with the symptoms by providing a framework of support.
For people who have not had success with detoxification at home, rehabilitation centers provide around-the-clock supervision throughout withdrawal in a safe, drug-free environment. Trained treatment staff members will be on hand to monitor the process and address any concerns as the body rids itself of Adderall and any other drugs.
No medications are approved to specifically treat Adderall withdrawal. However, staff may be able to prescribe medications for short-term symptomatic relief, such as benzodiazepines for anxiety. Likewise, antidepressant medications may be prescribed for clinical depression due to Adderall detox and withdrawal.
The Adderall Recovery Process
The initial process of Adderall detoxification is an important step toward sustained sobriety. After detoxification, substance abuse treatment centers can help people continue their recovery from Adderall addiction.
Rehabilitation centers focus on all aspects of recovery, including the underlying psychological reasons that led the person to become addicted to Adderall. Therapy and counseling are important steps that ensure continued sobriety.
When a person works with professionals to overcome dependence on both a physical and a mental level, a return to Adderall addiction becomes less likely.
How Long Does Adderall Withdrawal Last?
The timeline for Adderall withdrawal depends greatly on how long a person has been dependent on Adderall, how much Adderall they were taking, and their mental and physical health.
The duration of Adderall withdrawal, however, typically lasts a few weeks. People usually experience an initial “crash” that lasts a few days and is then followed by a longer period of symptoms that include mood swings, fatigue, cravings, and trouble sleeping. 5
Are There Home Remedies for Adderall Withdrawal?
Detoxing in a rehab center reduces the risk of relapse. Many websites promote detox kits or other home remedies to help ease the pain of withdrawal. However, the safest way to complete Adderall withdrawal is under the care of a medical professional who can monitor and treat any medical or mental health symptoms.
Completing detox at an inpatient or residential rehab center may also reduce the risk of relapse by removing the recovering user from a potentially risky and/or unsupportive home environment and preventing access to the drug.
Additional Information About Adderall
Medication Name & Cost
- Generic Name: Adderall
- Chemical Name: Amphetamine + Dextroamphetamine
- Brand Name Variations: Adderall XR
- Cost/Price: $1-$5 6
Class of Medicine
- Function or Use at Low Dose: Help to treat narcolepsy 8
- Function or Use at High Dose: Help to treat ADD and ADHD 7
- System: Central nervous system stimulant
- Duration of Action: 6 hours, 10-12 hours (extended release) 8
Effects & Adverse Reactions
- Short-Term: Loss of appetite, insomnia, abdominal pain, weight loss, and nervousness 7
- Long-Term: Dependence, psychosis, heart disease, withdrawal, seizures, cardiomyopathy, growth suppression 8
Interactions & Complications
- Alcohol Interaction: Can lead to overconsumption of alcohol and overdose9
- Illicit Drugs: Can compound the effects of illicit stimulants
Prescription Medications: Adderall can interact with a number of prescription medications. Consult your doctor before combining Adderall with other prescription drugs. 8
- Contraindications: Hypertension, hyperthyroidism, cardiovascular disease, arteriosclerosis, glaucoma, agitated states 7
Forms, Intakes, & Dosages
- Drug Forms: Capsule, tablet
- Administration Routes: Oral, intranasal, intravenous
- Dosage: Ages 6-17: 10 mg once daily in the morning. Adults: 20 mg once daily in the morning 7
- Overdose symptoms: Restlessness, tremor, shakes, confusion, rapid respiration, hypertension, hallucinations, fatigue, depression, nausea, vomiting, coma
Physiological Problem Signs and Symptoms
- Withdrawal Symptoms: Fatigue, depression, changes in sleep. 10
Tolerance: The more often you take it, the more your body will build up a tolerance to Adderall. 7
- Risk of Substance Abuse: High. Prolonged use can lead to dependence. 7,8
Signs of Abuse: Irritability, insomnia, hyperactivity, personality changes 7
- Physical Dependence: Your body can become physically dependent on Adderall, which can lead to withdrawal symptoms. 8,10
Psychological Dependence: High risk. You can become dependent on it to study, lose weight, or feel good. 7
- Withdrawal Symptoms: Fatigue, depression, changes in sleep. 10
. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Medication Guide: Adderall.
. Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA). Drug Schedules.
. The New York Times Health Guide. (2012). Drug Dependence.
. Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders: DSM-5. (2013). Washington, D.C.: American Psychiatric Association.
. Government of South Australia. SA Health. Amphetamine withdrawal management.
. Drug Bank. (2016). Amphetamine.
. Food and Drug Administration. (2013). Highlights of Prescribing Information.
. Stanford University. (n.d.). Amphetamine and Dextroamphetamine Mixed Salts.
. Columbia University: Go Ask Alice. Adderall: Health risks when combined with alcohol?