Dexedrine Withdrawal and Treatment

Dexedrine Withdrawal and Treatment

Dexedrine is a medication used to treat narcolepsy and attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).1 The medication contains dextroamphetamine, which increases alertness, attention, and energy. 2

People may abuse Dexedrine to boost performance in school, work, and sports or for a euphoric high triggered by the release of dopamine in the brain. 2 Whether a person abuses this medication or takes it as prescribed, they may experience Dexedrine withdrawal symptoms if they abruptly stop using it. 2

Withdrawal symptoms are more likely to occur in people who abuse Dexedrine regularly or take higher doses than prescribed. 2 Consistent use can lead to increased physical tolerance and physiological dependence. Tolerance is the need to take more of the medication to achieve the expected effect. Over time, as dependence develops, the person will only feel normal when the substance is present and very uncomfortable when it is not available.

To avoid any complications from Dexedrine withdrawal, seek out professional detoxification and substance abuse treatment. Detox centers, inpatient rehab programs, and outpatient recovery programs can treat withdrawal and help people who have trouble quitting Dexedrine.

Withdrawal Symptoms of Dexedrine

Dexedrine withdrawal symptoms are not usually life-threatening. But they can be painful and distressing. Withdrawal symptoms include: 5,6,7

  • Depression.
  • Agitation, anxiety, and irritability.
  • Sleep disturbances.
  • Fatigue.
  • Increased appetite.
  • Muscle aches.
  • Seizures (rare).

Along with seizures, the most significant risks are mental health complications. Someone in Dexedrine withdrawal could become so depressed or aggressive that they could hurt themselves or someone else. 6,7

Learn more about Dexedrine withdrawal symptoms.

How Long Does Dexedrine Withdrawal Last?

The timeline for Dexedrine withdrawal differs for each person depending on their intensity and duration of use. The length of time is usually between 3 and 5 days for acute withdrawal symptoms, but it can last as long as 2 weeks. Some people may develop post-acute withdrawal symptoms that can last for 2 months or more. 6,8

Withdrawing From Dexedrine: Options for Help

Many people with significant stimulant dependence or addiction begin the recovery process by detoxing from Dexedrine. Detox can be completed on an inpatient or outpatient basis, depending on the needs of the individual. Depending on previous use and complications, Dexedrine detox usually lasts for 3 to 5 days. 6

  • Detox centers. These programs treat withdrawal symptoms. They have medical staff on hand to prescribe medications and deal with any health concerns during withdrawal.
  • Inpatient treatment. Inpatient treatment offers 24-hour detox care in a controlled environment as part of a recovery program.
  • Outpatient treatment. This level of care includes treatments that allow the person to live in their home, maintain their responsibilities, and attend treatment during the day. These programs may be appropriate for people who do not have a serious addiction or dependence.

A variety of addiction treatment professionals provide medical and psychological assessment and monitoring. There are no specific FDA-approved medications for stimulant addiction. However, a physician or psychiatrist may prescribe medications to address certain withdrawal symptoms such as sleep, headaches, agitation, depression, or other symptoms. 5,6,7

Can I Detox from Dexedrine at Home Safely?

Home remedies may not be safe, natural alternatives that will help to ease the pain of withdrawal. Withdrawal affects each person differently, and some people may develop serious symptoms, including depression and seizures. Professional detoxification options can help better ensure safety during withdrawal.

Detoxing, Addiction Treatment, Rehab, and Recovery

The best recovery options depend on the necessary level of support and severity of dependence. Once a person completes detoxification, an addiction treatment program can help them overcome urges to use, cope with problems that contribute to substance abuse, and maintain sobriety.

Rehabilitation for Dexedrine addiction is provided on an outpatient basis by physicians and mental health professionals. It is also available on an inpatient/residential basis in recovery centers. 3,4,5 The best option depends on the necessary level of support and severity of dependence.

One of the most common forms of treatment is cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), which helps people learn new methods of coping with stress and dealing with people and situations that influence their drug use. It also addresses maladaptive thought patterns and other psychological factors that contribute to or reinforce addictive behaviors. 3,4

Another common avenue for recovery is participation in a 12-step support group, such as Narcotics Anonymous. These groups provide social support, as well as an outlet for sharing and discussing setbacks, coping methods, and recovery achievements. 4 Twelve-step programs can also put a person in touch with a sponsor, who provides support outside of scheduled meetings.

 
Dexedrine Information at a Glance
Medication Name, Costs Class of Medicine
  • Generic Name: Dextroamphetamine
  • Chemical Name: Dextroamphetamine sulfate
  • Brand Name: Dexedrine
  • Brand Name Variations: ProCentra, Zenzedi, Dextrostat
  • Cost/Price: $0.62-$4.22 12
  • Used to Treat Addiction? No
  • Function or Use: help treat attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and narcolepsy 9
  • Type of drug: central nervous system stimulant
  • Duration of Action: 3-6 hours 10
Form, Intake and Dosage Interactions and Complications
  • Drug Forms: Capsule
  • Administration Routes: Oral
  • Dosage: 5-60mg per day 11
  • Alcohol Interaction: Alcohol should be avoided with Dexedrine.
  • Illicit Drugs: Illicit drugs should be avoided with Dexedrine.
  • Prescription Medications: You should consult a medical professional when considering taking Dexedrine with other prescription medications, especially monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs). 10, 11
  • Contraindications: heart disease, high blood pressure, hyperthyroidism, glaucoma, agitation, people with a history of drug abuse 11
Effects and Adverse Reactions Substance Abuse
  • Short-Term: palpitations, elevated blood pressure, restlessness, insomnia, dry mouth, gastrointestinal disturbances, impotence 11
  • Long-Term: increased blood pressure, psychiatric problems, suppression of growth, vision problems 11
  • Overdose: restlessness, tremor, fast breathing, hallucinations, confusion, irregular heartbeat 11
  • Risk of Substance Abuse: high potential for abuse, so prolonged use should be avoided 11
  • Signs of Abuse: cravings, neglect of responsibilities, social isolation, tolerance, withdrawal symptoms, obsession with acquiring and using the drug
Physiological Problem Signs and Symptoms Dependence and Addiction Issues
  • Withdrawal Symptoms: extreme fatigue, depression, sleep disturbances 11
  • Tolerance: You can build up a tolerance to Dexedrine over time. 11
  • Cross Dependence: N/A
  • Physical Dependence: N/A
  • Psychological Dependence: Extreme psychological dependence can occur. 11
Legal Schedules and Ratings
  • Controlled Substances Act Rating: Schedule II 11

 

[1]. U.S. Food and Drug Administration. (2015). Dexedrine.

[2]. National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) for Teens. (2016). Prescription Stimulant Medications (Amphetamines).

[3]. NIDA. (2016). Drug Facts: Treatment Approaches for Drug Addiction.

[4]. NIDA. (2012). Principles of Drug Addiction Treatment: A Research-Based Guide.

[5]. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). (2015). Detoxification and Substance Abuse Treatment.

[6]. World Health Organization (WHO). (2009). Clinical Guidelines for Withdrawal Management and Treatment of Drug Dependence in Closed Setting.

[7]. SAMHSA. (2001). Treatment for Stimulant Use Disorders: Quick Guide for Clinicians.

[8]. SAMHSA. (2010). Protracted Withdrawal.

[9]. U.S. National Library of Medicine. MedlinePlus. (2016). Dextroamphetamine.

[10]. Mignot, E. J. M. (2012). A practical guide to the therapy of narcolepsy and hypersomnia syndromes. Neurotherapeutics, 9(4). 739-752.

[11]. U.S. National Library of Medicine. DailyMed. (2017). Dexedrine Spansule.

[12]. DrugBank. (2017). Dextroamphetamine.